The presentation discusses the offensive and defensive use of deepfakes, including the creation of deepfakes, examples of offensive use, and methods for detecting deepfakes.
- Deepfakes are a relatively new technology that can be used for offensive purposes, such as influencing elections
- The presentation provides a step-by-step breakdown of how deepfakes are created
- Examples of offensive use of deepfakes are presented, including a video of a politician being impersonated
- Methods for detecting deepfakes are discussed, including looking at images at the signal, physical, and semantic level
- A novel approach to detecting deepfakes is introduced
- A tool for offensive and defensive research, called deepstar, is announced and released
In 2016, researchers released a video showing how they could control the facial expressions of well-known figures. This was one of the first examples of deepfakes. In 2018, a comedian created a video in which Obama was deepfaked, sparking concerns about the use of deepfakes in politics. In June of the same year, a deepfake video of Mark Zuckerberg was released, combining both video and fake audio components.