The talk discusses the clash of values and visions in cyber-conflict, and how it is reflected in major cyber campaigns, international diplomacy, and internet governance. The speaker argues that the weaponization of information is a bigger threat than the militarization of cyberspace, and that the free internet is at risk of being fundamentally changed.
- The concept of cyber-conflict is viewed differently by different countries, with some seeing it as a tool for psychological warfare and regime change.
- The US has invested in hard deterrence as a cybersecurity policy due to the difficulty of defending its large attack surface.
- The weaponization of information is a bigger threat than the militarization of cyberspace, as it can fundamentally change the free internet.
- International law has a clear definition of cyber attacks, but not all countries adhere to it.
- The clash of values and visions in cyber-conflict is reflected in major cyber campaigns, international diplomacy, and internet governance.
The speaker mentions the concept of reflexive control, which is a psychological warfare tool that breaks everything down to information packets and aims to get the adversary to do something they wouldn't otherwise do. This is an example of how cyber operations are part of a wider paradigm of information warfare.